August 14, 2022

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Sergio Materella re-elected President of Italy

Italian President Sergio Materella will preside over the full meeting of the High Council of the Judiciary (CSM) in Rome, Italy on January 20, 2022. Guide by Francesco Amendola / Italian Presidency / REUTERS

Italian President Sergio Materella was re-elected by parliament this Saturday after a referendum marathon that exposed divisions within the government coalition. At a critical juncture in the post-epidemic economic recovery.

The 80-year-old president’s first term ends on February 3, with delegates applauding as they received the votes needed for a second seven – year term in a vote that bitterly divided the national unity government in the eighth round. Rome

Matterella was re-elected for a seven-year term, receiving a total of 1,009 senators, delegates and regional leaders, 505 votes in which he was approved to take part in the referendum, which is still pending.

After several weeks of uncertainty, Matterella, the only possible candidate to return to office, has agreed to continue in office. Although this was a hypothesis that was not in their plans, they confirmed the creations themselves. Matterella carried it out He wanted to retire to dedicate himself to his family.

General view of the Italian Parliament during the eighth round of voting to elect a new President of Italy on January 29, 2022 in Rome, Italy.  Gregorio Borgia / Pool via REUTERS
General view of the Italian Parliament during the eighth round of voting to elect a new President of Italy on January 29, 2022 in Rome, Italy. Gregorio Borgia / Pool via REUTERS

Matterella will change The second incumbent head of state, Who did it in 2013, after Giorgio Napolitano, although he has stated on several occasions that he wants to retire. In 2015 Matterella was appointed to replace him.

“The Italians deserve more days of bewilderment. I have a clear conscience, I have made many proposals, all high-level, all rejected by the left. We defend the continuation of Matterella Guerrero (head of state) and the government of Mario Draghi,” wrote Matteo Salvini, leader of the far-right league.

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Former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi said: “The best solution for Italy is to have Meterella in Guerrero and Troy in government.” Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) leader Enrico Letta posted a photo on Twitter, which you can read. “Thank you President Matterella,” said Silvio Berlusconi of Forza Italy and Giuseppe Conte of the 5 Star Movement, who said unity could be guaranteed.

However, this solution did not please Georgia Meloni, the leader of Italy’s far-right brethren, who insisted on social media: “After rejecting this hypothesis firmly and repeatedly, I wonder if Matterella will accept it.”

French President Emmanuel Macron and Italian President Sergio Materella pose for a photo on November 25, 2021 at the Guernail Palace in Rome, Italy.
French President Emmanuel Macron and Italian President Sergio Materella pose for a photo on November 25, 2021 at the Guernail Palace in Rome, Italy.

Born in Palermo on July 23, 1941, the father of three children, Matterella. Judge of the Constitutional Court and several times MinisterBefore being the highest authority of the Italian state.

As President, he has always been one Low profileBut his prudent nature did not deter him Use powerful privileges Who has his position as and when required The first government of Giuseppe Conte, co-founded by the far-right League and the 5 Star Movement (M5S), blocked the appointment of Eurosceptic Pavlo Savona as economy minister in 2018..

He graduated in law in 1964 with the highest honors and honors from the University of La Sabina in Rome. Matterrella taught parliamentary law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Palermo until 1983The year he was placed on leave to enter the Chamber of Deputies.

Three years ago, in 1980, Cosa Nostra Mafia Assassin to Hermano Piercendi Matterella When he was leader of the Sicily region with the Christian Democracy (DC) party.

In 1983, Mattarella was elected Was a member of the Chamber of Deputies and Representatives for DC Until 2008.

File photo: Italian President Sergio Muttarella and Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi greet each other during the Youth4Climate event on September 30, 2021 in Milan, Italy, prior to COP26.
File photo: Italian President Sergio Muttarella and Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi greet each other during the Youth4Climate event on September 30, 2021 in Milan, Italy, prior to COP26.

He was a member of all seven legislatures Constitutional Affairs Committee, Foreign Affairs Committee and Legal CommitteeIn which he was also chairman.

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He was between 1987 and 1989 Minister of Parliamentary Relations and Minister of Education between 1989 and 1990But that year he resigned from the government of Giulio Andreotti, which rejected the approval of the Mammì Act, which restructured the television channels and gave three of them to the Berlusconi family’s audiovisual company, Mediaset.

He was already elected in October 1998 Deputy Chairman of the Committee of Ministers until December 1999, he was appointed Minister of Defense, and held office until the June 2001 election.

In those years, the law was passed Abolished compulsory military service and transformed Carabinieri into an autonomous armed forceBut Italy has been very active in peacekeeping missions used for United Nations initiatives in places such as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Materella IPromoter of the old electoral system known as “Mattarellum”Elections were held between 1994 and 2001.

He left politics in 2008, a year later he was elected by Parliament as a member of the Presidential Council for Administrative Justice, and in 2011 he was appointed a judge of the Constitutional Court.

Policy failure

Matterella’s election showed Finding points where political parties fail to negotiate and unite.

Letta, the leader of the PD, favored the current prime minister, Dracia, but was rejected by the League, Forza Italia and the M5S, arguing that he should continue his work in the administration in the relevant year. As Italy embarks on a path of economic recovery after the epidemic, Brussels will have to prove its commitment to the reforms agreed to receive nearly 46 46,000 million by 2022, of the 1 191,500 million it will receive from European funds by 2026.

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The right-wing coalition, formed by Forza Italia, the Brothers of Italy and the League, nominated several candidates rejected by the Left and clashed in Parliament on Friday with a proposal by Senate President Maria Elizabeth Alberti Casselli. He received fewer votes than in the Conservative coalition, which caused a crisis among partners to find out who had strayed from the agreed line.

The tripartite alliance has been badly damaged in recent days because Forsa Italy has indicated that it will no longer hide its differences with Salvini over the choice of Italy’s Brothers leader Matterella and that he will no longer operate independently.

Salvini, who has taken the reins of negotiations from the right, launched on Friday the idea that the head of state would be occupied by another woman, something that had never happened before in the country’s history, and Conte backed the name of Elizabeth Belloni, then the current head of the country’s secret services.

But this was branded “unacceptable” by former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, and this Saturday Antonio Tajani, vice president of Forza Italia, acknowledged that his creation wanted a political profile.

(With information from EFE and AFP)

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