Government of Alberto Fernandez In Nicaragua he again withdrew from condemning the serious human rights abuses of the Daniel Ortega-led regime., In a major referendum of the Organization of American States (OAS), called for the immediate release of political prisoners and the exercise of fair and free liberty, while at the same time adhering to the Constitution of that country. And effective elections.
Ambassador Carlos Raimundi was tasked with justifying Gaza Rosada’s decision with a majority vote on the continent against Nicaraguan dictatorship, in order to enable the entry of the OAS ‘diplomatic mission to initiate dialogue on electoral reforms and new elections. . Criticism of the organization’s actions in the political crisis that led to the exit of Evo Morales from Bolivia is the main argument of the vote. Argentina was on the side of Bolivia, Mexico, Belize, Honduras, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Saint Lucia, with a majority of 25 votes in favor. Voted against Nicaragua.
The United States, Canada, Brazil, Uruguay, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Costa Rica, and Venezuela (authorized representation Juan Quito), some of the key countries that promoted the resolution, are the 34 states that make up the OAS.
“Argentina reaffirms its unwavering commitment to human rights, the highest and most fundamental policy of its foreign policy. Argentina has changed its ambassador to Managua And she believes that the reports in that area are more complete and accurate than those made from outside the context, ”Raimundi began.
I add: “Argentina rejects sanctions and any other measures that could exacerbate the conflict or worsen the situation of its citizens. Thereby creating additional tensions, which can also be used for greater external intervention. Ways to re-establish dialogue with the Argentine government and the people of Nicaragua will never be considered exhausted, but to do so would require the credibility and legitimacy of the current leadership of the OAS. The other episodes, the only one and perhaps the most serious, are because of its role in the coup in Bolivia, and we justify our vote for all these reasons.
In particular, the Organization of American States (OAS) endorsed a resolution calling on Ordega to allow diplomatic work within the Central American country to initiate dialogue on electoral reforms and new elections. The resolution was approved by a vote of 25 out of 34 members of the OAS (owned by the Cuban organization but has not participated since 1962), with eight countries abstaining, including Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia and Honduras, while only voting against Nicaragua.
The initiative urges the Ordega government to release all “political prisoners” as a matter of urgency and accept the task of top “good offices”, which must be approved by the organization’s permanent council.
The mandate of diplomacy is to begin with a comprehensive electoral reform and reach an agreement on how to achieve the three objectives. The second objective of the diplomatic mission is to repeal all laws governing political participation and human rights in Nicaragua. Third, starting a dialogue with all political parties and other actors in Nicaragua requires that “early” presidential and parliamentary elections be conducted freely, impartially, and transparently, with international oversight.Reliable”.
Ortega was fraudulently imposed on November 7th In an election in which his political rivals did not participate, in previous months, authorities dissolved three political parties and arrested more than thirty opposition leaders, including seven presidential candidates, including Christiana Zamoro.
In response, the OAS General Assembly, the organisation’s most important political body, approved a resolution confirming that these elections were not “democratically legitimate” and that they were free, fair or transparent. Immediately, the Ordega government accused the OAS of “interfering” and condemned its founding document, the OAS Charter, signed in 1948. Any country that condemns OAS will have to wait two years for its charter to be withdrawn.
Violation of the Constitution of Democracy
Beyond the diplomatic mission, another important aspect of the resolution is that it declares that Nicaragua has not fulfilled the obligations adopted in 2001 to strengthen and protect democracy on the American continent, as enshrined in the Inter-American Constitution. The resolution calls for the “restoration” of compliance with the Inter-American Charter of Democracy, with OAS Secretary-General Louis Almagro for an “urgent” meeting with the Ortega government to allow diplomatic service to enter the country.
As established in the resolution, Almacro must notify OAS of its efforts no later than December 17th.
The Democratic Charter, in its Articles 20 and 21, is a legal instrument for contemplating diplomatic practices against member states that “change the constitutional order.” Thereby leaving to participate in the agency’s programs. The highest form of approval for the OAS to approve a suspension requires 24 votes, that is, two-thirds of the 34 countries that are active members of the organization. In its 70-year history, the OAS has suspended only two states: Cuba and Honduras.