April 1, 2023

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Argentina convicted of crimes against humanity that could harm the family of Julian Chrysonos | Judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

The US Human Rights Court has condemned Argentina for violating the family’s human rights Julian Chrysonos, Abduction, torture and disappearance in the framework of Condor project It devastated the country during the last civil-military dictatorship and ordered the state to investigate the facts. “We value punishment and we have no problem complying with the efforts it asks of us because they are in the same order we have been serving for many years,” he said. Andrea Pochak, Under Secretary of Defense and International Relations on Human Rights of the Nation.

Further, the tribunal urged the states to “coordinate efforts” to form a working group with Uruguay, Chile, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru for “investigation, deportation, prosecution and, if appropriate, sentencing.” Those responsible for serious crimes committed within the framework of the interstate criminal program ”.

The sentence was released on Tuesday. Unanimously, the Inter-US Court was responsible for the state of Argentina Violation of Mario Roger Julian Casares and Victoria Lucia Grisonas Andrijaskyde’s rights to legal personality, life, personal integrity and recognition of individual liberty, The Uruguayan refugee couple in Argentina since 1974 – Mario arrived in 1973, and a year later his partner joined his eldest son Anatole – in September 1976 he was attacked by a joint operation, killed, and abducted; You two have been missing ever since.

The episode happened September 26, 1976 Afternoon. The couple lived at home with their two daughters in San Martin, north of Greater Buenos Aires: Anatole, four, and Victoria, aged one and a half. The attack was widespread, as described in an Inter-US court ruling. And effect, “Terrifying”, Defined anatole in the conversation of this newspaper. Mario was shot while trying to escape. Victoria was attacked and taken with her two children to the Automotors Orletty Secret Center. There they tortured her. Nothing was known about her after that. A few days later, the children were airlifted to Uruguay, where they were captured by the Security Information Service (SID) in Montevideo. Then to Chile, they were dropped in a square.

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They were adopted in Chile, where they still live. But they do not know the whereabouts of their parents. That is why the tribunal between Argentina and Argentina condemned Argentina: according to the organization, the country has violated the rights to judicial guarantees and judicial protection recognized in the US Convention on Human Rights, which is detrimental to both. The right to know the truth about your missing relatives.

Blatant failure

The sentence is about 100 pages long. “It’s really strong. The court condemns a state’s denial of justice and says it has done what is appropriate when it’s far away,” said Anatole, the couple’s eldest son, Julian Chrisonas and his sister.

This is the first time the U.S. Inter-American Court has condemned Argentina’s actions and shortcomings in relation to Argentina’s obligation to investigate and prosecute crimes against humanity committed within the framework of the Condor Plan.. However, there is a record of international organization rulings in the regional program for crimes against humanity: Paraguay was convicted in the Coybro வழக்கில் case in 2006 and Uruguay in the Gelman case in 2011.

Argentina Operation Condor prosecutes crimes with a sentence after repealing the laws without punishment Only in 2016. The abduction and disappearance of Victoria Grisonas, who was convicted in 2011, five years ago. In 2017, he released two police officers for the murder of Mario Julian, which began in 2019 with a negative verdict by the Chamber of Cassation. Still waiting for Surprema Court’s definition. In November 2020, finally, Four Arlette oppressors Anatole and Claudia Victoria were convicted of kidnapping and torturing..

And while inside The Inter-American Court of Justice “positively appreciates Argentina’s efforts to identify the perpetrators. Investigate and punish the victims of the current case and the grave human rights violations of 1976-1983. ” “There are elements that are not fully clarified”. It should be noted that in any of the above legal proceedings the defendants, and later the convicts, did not use the power of the national government to relax the decision to maintain a strict silence on the crimes they had committed.

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The case went to U.S. court in December 2019. It was taken by the US Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), which refers to the term “kind conversation that urged Argentina to continue with the event without giving definitive answers”. He is the eldest son of the Julian Chrysonos family, and he was the promoter of a lawsuit against his sister at a regional event against the country in 2005.

The IACHR sought a court order granting two extensions to the Argentine government in accordance with a series of recommendations handed down in May 2019 – yes, 14 years after the family’s petition was filed. In general, the advice given by the international body to the country is similar to the current ruling of the Court: “complete, impartial and effective investigation” to locate the Uruguayan couple, “take the necessary steps” and identify their remains; Use “material and moral” compensatory measures in addition to health, “to identify all those responsible, to clarify the facts, within a reasonable time, and to impose sanctions accordingly, so accept the last” action and “do not repeat”.

Anatole and Claudia Victoria’s petition, based on a civil lawsuit filed by them in 1996, was approved in the first instance, partly in the second case, but was eventually rejected by the Supreme Court in 2007. The court defined it as “recommending the claim.”


“This is a verdict that will force the Argentine government to remember what everyone is asking for,” Anatole explained, referring to the different types of rules that the international body calls Argentina, from investigative and clarification measures to the spread of the case. Passed, of course, economic compensation.

“We have made great efforts to explain to the court the process of memory, truth and justice that we have in association with the human rights movement,” Pocha said after hearing the sentence, which “recognizes all the work it has done, the process of inquiry into these facts and its compensatory laws” and the actions it has ordered. Tend to strengthen. ”

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Meanwhile, the Under Secretary of State confirmed that the Argentine government “shares many challenges”, which the US-Inter-US Court “refers to in its judgment”, in which he “highlights the warning about it.” Unrestricted nature of civil claims, Delay in processing the causes of a problem, especially in recurring cases ”. In fact, the demand of the judiciary for delays in the trial of cases against humanity has been lingering for years by the human rights movement. The nation’s Minister of Justice Martin Soria, printing proposals at the most recent meeting of the Supreme Court.

We did not stop the bitter taste with this failure Pochack added that in a particular case, our country is being reprimanded by the US Inter-Court for events that do not represent progress, as the process of remembrance, truth and justice undertaken by Argentina is a model in the world. We were in this case. In fact, this judgment does not prescribe any substantial action in connection with our policies of justice and compensation.

Finally, the official explained the task force that Argentina should encourage to investigate repressive coordination with regional states: There is also the investigator’s report. Francesca LessaJulian Grizonas was an expert to the brothers. I contributed to the final data of my research on repressive integration methods in South America in the ’70s with the aim of “proving that Uruguay and Uruguay citizens are the most clear target” and that the highest number of fighters for the People’s Victory Party, like the parents of the Julian brothers, was in the universe, “the educator said. Explained to the newspaper.